Which organelle produces sugars while releasing oxygen, and in which cell could it be found?

Chloroplasts in plant cells

What is the biological function of chloroplast?

Chloroplasts convert the light energy of the Sun into sugars (a process called photosynthesis) that can be used by cells. At the same time, photosynthesis produces oxygen (O2) and consumes carbon dioxide (CO2). For this reason, plants are the basis of all life on Earth. They are classified as the producers of the world.


[In this figure] Illustration of photosynthesis.
Chlorophylls in the thylakoid absorb the energy from the Sun and transfer the energy to ATP and NADPH. In the dark reaction, the enzymes and proteins in the stroma use high energy molecules such as ATP and NADPH to convert carbon dioxide to sugars.

Extended read:

chloroplast function and structure

Chloroplast Function and Structure – Solar Panels

  • What is chloroplast?
  • The structure of chloroplasts
  • Where is the chloroplast located in a cell
  • Chloroplast movement
  • Cytoplasmic streaming
  • How many chloroplasts can be found in one cell?
  • What is the biological function of chloroplast?
  • Photosynthesis
  • Innate immunity
  • How does the chloroplast divide?
  • The origin of chloroplasts – the endosymbiotic theory
  • Can animals live like plants?
  • How to see the chloroplast under a microscope