Ribosomes are the molecular machines responsible for protein synthesis (called Translation) At the molecular level, ribosome functions like a decrypting machine. DNA transcribes to messenger RNA (mRNA), which is exported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. The mRNA molecule is like genetic codes written on a long thread of paper. The ribosome finds the right … Read more
A ribosome is a cell organelle that produces proteins in the cell. A ribosome is a particle-like cell organelle made of RNA (ribonucleic acid) and ribosomal proteins that serve as the site for protein synthesis in the cell. Ribosomes consist of two major components: the small and large ribosomal subunits. Scientists like to call ribosomes, … Read more
The transfer RNA (tRNA) is one type of RNA molecule. Its job is to carry the amino acid that matches the mRNA codon to the ribosome.